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Monday, September 06, 2004

Them-propaganda  

"What does anti-Semitism have to do with socialism? I would put the question this way: What does the Jew have to do with socialism? Socialism has to do with labor. When did one ever see him working instead of plundering, stealing and living from the sweat of others? As socialists we are opponents of the Jews because we see in the Hebrews the incarnation of capitalism, of the misuse of the nation's goods." - Joseph Goebbels, Those Damned Nazis.

In this passage it is easy to see how shallow and timeless them-propaganda really is. It is always someone else that is the cause of "misery of the people", but depending on the time, place and ruling attitude, who "they" are is a changing variable.

But always, "they" are the cause, and the mechanism is theft in one for or another.


Thursday, July 15, 2004

Pol Pot: A national socialist 

 
This is Pol Pot. I'm the handsome dude on the right.

Pol Pot (born Saloth Sar) is the archetypical charming psychopath. The person that killed between a quarter and a third of his nation is usually described as a charismatic and friendly character. Says Prince Norodom Sihanouk: "Pol Pot is very charming. ... His face, his behaviour is very polite, but he is very, very cruel"

Pol Pot was infested with Marxist and Nationalistic ideas while studying in Paris. He pushed the self-suffiency fallacy to the extreme when he seized power in Cambodia in the 1975. An avid racist, he persecutes the Vietnamese as well as Christians, Muslims and Budhists and attemts to create the "new people". The foundation of his nationalistic ideas is the history of Vietnam seizing Cambodian land in the past.

The scene was horrific when the hordes of barbarians rushed into the cities as is described in the classic Modern Times:

On April 17 over three million people were living in Phnom Penh. They were literally pushed into the surrounding countryside. The violence started at 7 am with attacks on Chinese shops; then general looting. The first killings came at 8:45 am. Fifteen minutes later troops began to clear the Military Hospital, driving doctors, nurses, sick and dying into the streets. An hour later they opened fire on anyone seen in the streets, to start a panic out of the city. At noon the Preah Ket Melea hospital was cleared: hundreds of men, women and children, driven at gunpoint, limped out into midday temperatures of over 100 Fahrenheit. Of twenty thousand wounded in the city, all were in the jungle by nightfall. One man carried his son, who had just had both legs amputated; others pushed the beds of the very ill, carrying bottles of plasma and serum. Every hospital in the city was emptied. All papers and records in the city were destroyed. All books were thrown into the Mekong River or burned on the banks. The paper money in the Banque Khmer de Commerce was incinerated. Cars, motorbikes and bicycles were impounded. Rockets and bazookas were fired at homes where any movement was detected. There were many summary executions. The rest were told, "Leave immediately or we will shoot all of you." By evening the water supply was cut off. What gave this episode its peculiar Kafkaesque horror was the absence of any visible authority. The peasant-soldiers simply killed and terrified, obeying orders, invoking the commands of the Angka Loeu. Nothing was explained. The intellectuals who had planned it never appeared. - Modern Times, Paul Johnson

 

Of course this revoloution gained world attention since it happens to be newsworhty when mad people with mad ideologies start to change their country into one great concentration camp. Despite this, many people were in profound denial and Chomsky and Herman spoke of Distortions at Fourth Hand.

Some quotations of Pol Pot:

These quotations are not easy to come by but here is what I have found so far.

"I’m going to tell you clearly. I would like to tell you that I came to carry out the struggle, not to kill people. Even now, and you can look at me, am I savage person? My conscience is clear… I want you to know that everything I did, I did for my country" - Pol Pot in his last interview with Nate Thayer.

 "No" - When asked if he wants to apologize for the suffering he caused. "This is Year Zero" - When his guerrillas seized Phnom Penh.


Sunday, July 11, 2004

Dictator news: Kim the record breaking golfer 


The confession of the week: "Hi everybody, I've had one drink too many and now I have liver palms"

Our dear leader, Kim Jong Il, is the greatest golfer ever. The NYT says so, and now its official:

Mr. Kim took up the game in 1994, and on his very first outing at the Pyongyang course he eagled the opening hole, according to the North Korean media. He then proceeded to ace five holes (or 11, according to some reports) on the way to shooting a 34 - or 38 under par. (The lowest recorded score in P.G.A. history is 59, and that has been attained only three times: by Al Geiberger in 1977, Chip Beck in 1991 and David Duval in 1999.)

Now, let's review some of the world-famous quotations of the dear leader. This should be learned by heart.

We inherited one fatherland from our ancestors. But if our generation hands down two Koreas to the next generation, we will commit a great crime to the nation and our history

Nothing is impossible for a man with a strong will. The possible is in store only for a man who loves the future. There is no word 'impossible' in the Korean language.

The compatriotic love that runs through the hearts of our fellow countrymen remains unchanged. It is true that a barrier divides the land of our fathers, but there is no barrier in the hearts of our compatriots who are linked together with the same bloodline.

Korea is like an organism that can live only as one and which cannot live if divided into two.


Sunday, July 04, 2004

The Manifesto of the Fascist Struggle 

Italians! Here is the program of a genuinely Italian movement. It is revolutionary because it is anti-dogmatic, strongly innovative and against prejudice.

For the political problem: We demand:

a) Universal suffrage polled on a regional basis, with proportional representation and voting and electoral office eligibility for women.

b) A minimum age for the voting electorate of 18 years; that for the office holders at 25 years.

c) The abolition of the Senate.

d) The convocation of a National Assembly for a three-years duration, for which its primary responsibility will be to form a constitution of the State.

e) The formation of a National Council of experts for labor, for industy, for transportation, for the public health, for communications, etc. Selections to be made from the collective professionals or of tradesmen with legislative powers, and elected directly to a General Commission with ministerial powers.

For the social problems: We demand:

a) The quick enactment of a law of the State that sanctions an eight-hour workday for all workers.

b) A minimum wage.

c) The participation of workers' representatives in the functions of industry commissions.

d) To show the same confidence in the labor unions (that prove to be technically and morally worthy) as is given to industry executives or public servants.

e) The rapid and complete systemization of the railways and of all the transport industries.

f) A necessary modification of the insurance laws to invalidate the minimum retirement age; we propose to lower it from 65 to 55 years of age.

For the military problem: We demand:

a) The institution of a national militia with a short period of service for training and exclusively defensive responsibilities.

b) The nationalization of all the arms and explosives factories.

c) A national policy intended to peacefully further the Italian national culture in the world.

For the financial problem: We demand:

a) A strong progressive tax on capital that will truly expropriate a portion of all wealth.

b) The seizure of all the possessions of the religious congregations and the abolition of all the bishoprics, which constitute an enormous liability on the Nation and on the privileges of the poor.

c) The revision of all military contracts and the seizure of 85 percent of the profits therein.

The Manifesto of the Fascist Struggle, published in The People of Italy on June 6, 1919.


Nazi Germany and Socialism 

Were the Nazis socialists and was the economic system of Nazi Germany more socialistic than capitalisitc?

Of course many people say: no, Hitler was on the "rigth", and the line of argument is usually that he fought the communists, was a racist and did not nationalise "the means of production". The material below is informative in that discussion, although there is no right aswer to the question if Hitler was a 'real" socialist.

The main problem in determening if Hitler was a socialist is that the concept of socialism not so easy to define."Socialism" is kind of a phantom concept, as is evident in an debate on the subject when the claim that the Soviet system was indeed not a true socialist system always seems to pop up. If one goes further and analyses socialistic governments and movements around the world, then it is evident that there is a great difference among the various socialistic movements. Nationalism, racism and private enterprise is found in "socialistic" systems all around the world.

It is therefore it is evident that shallow people can get lost in discussions on socialism and clever people can always find all kinds of exceptions to furhter their ideological cause.

It is my opinion that Nazi Germany was indeed "less socialistic" than the Soviet (although equally or more socialist than many other socialistic states). The ideas of class struggle were not a central to the Nazi ideology nor did they have much of the industry in private hands and formally recognized porperty rights. As is quite evident below, the Nazis had a tight grip on the industry and centrally directed the production toward the "war industry".

"Industrialists were visited by state auditors who had strict orders to examine the balance sheets and all bookkeeping entries of the company or individual businessmen for the preceding two, three, or more years until some error or false entry was found," explains Reimann. "The slightest formal mistake was punished with tremendous penalties. A fine of millions of marks was imposed for a single bookkeeping error."
....
While state representatives are busily engaged in investigating and interfering, our agents and salesmen are handicapped because they never know whether or not a sale at a higher price will mean denunciation as a 'profiteer' or 'saboteur,' followed by a prison sentence. You cannot imagine how taxation has increased. Yet everyone is afraid to complain. Everywhere there is a growing undercurrent of bitterness. Everyone has his doubts about the system, unless he is very young, very stupid, or is bound to it by the privileges he enjoys.
....
" - Ralph R. Reiland, citing from the book "The Vampire Economy: Doing Business Under Fascism" by Guenter Reimann

"Most cruel joke of all, however, has been played by Hitler & Co. on those German capitalists and small businessmen who once backed National Socialism as a means of saving Germany's bourgeois economic structure from radicalism. The Nazi credo that the individual belongs to the state also applies to business. Some businesses have been confiscated outright, on other what amounts to a capital tax has been levied. Profits have been strictly controlled. Some idea of the increasing Governmental control and interference in business could be deduced from the fact that 80% of all building and 50% of all industrial orders in Germany originated last year with the Government. Hard-pressed for food- stuffs as well as funds, the Nazi regime has taken over large estates and in many instances collectivized agriculture, a procedure fundamentally similar to Russian Communism." - Time Magazine; Jaunuary 2, 1938

"Between 1933 and 1936 the German GNP increased by an average annual rate of 9.5 percent, and the annual production index for industry and crafts rose by 17.2 percent. The principal source of this growth, which propelled the German economy out of a deep depression into full employment within less than four years, was increased demand by the Public sector, defined by German economists of the period as Staatskonjunktur (state prosperity). The average annual growth of public consumption during these four years was 18.7 percent, while private consumption rose only by 3.6 percent annually. These data alone already show that the Nazis overcame unemployment primarily through government-initiated public works and/or orders by the government and other public-sector authorities.
....
In March 1937 a special law authorised the RNS (Reichsnährstand; Ríkis-stofnun sem sá um að miðla matvælum frá framleiðendum til seljanda) to determine what crops were to be grown in order to increase the output of scarce produce, in particular vegetable fats. In July of the same year peasants were ordered to hand over all wheat and rye harvests to official purchase agencies, while the feeding of these grains to livestock was strictly forbidden. From August 1938 grains were stockpiled in specially requisitioned gymnasiums and dance halls.
....
hitlercartman Another campaign, accompanied by a clamorous propaganda drive, pursued an entirely different aim. In May 1938, with a great deal of publicity, Hitler laid the cornerstone for the plant that was to produce the popular Volkswagen. Even before the ceremony numerous Germans had begun to pay savings-installments toward future purchase of such a car. It is reasonable to assume that at the time, with accelerating war preparations, no one seriously intended to begin production of such cars in the foreseeable future. Instead, it was a measure directed toward the withdrawal of disposable income from the public, whose earnings had grown throughout the period of prosperity, wage restrictions notwithstanding. Hitler himself mentioned the issue in his foundation ceremony speech: 'If the German people spend all their wages on consumer goods, we cannot ... produce without limits, it will cause disaster. It is therefore vital to guide the purchasing power of the German people in other directions.' In this case the direction was toward recruiting savings for armaments, with an additional incentive to work overtime in order to realise the dream of owning a car. By the end of March 170,000 savers had deposited the sum of 110 million reichsmarks in the Volkswagen account for the popular model. However, when the plant began operating, it produced military vehicles and aircraft parts exclusively. Ferdinand Porsche's clever invention, the horizontal 'boxer engine,' achieved recognition and was mass-produced only some years after the war had ended. (actually the boxer engine was mass-produced during the war but only in war-machines like the famous Kubelwagen)" - A. Barkai, Ideology and the Economy, Implemented Policies (1990)

"Our socialism is no utopia, alienated from the real world, but natural life, full of pulsating blood ... the sole egalitarian economic demand it grants all the people is the right to work." - Otto Dietrich, Hitler's Press Secretary, Das Wirtschaftsdenken im Dritten Reich (1937)

"But industrial leadership, under the Nazis, differed from the Weimar model in certain respects. Commercial capital was no longer represented. In other words, free trade did not exist. Commercial capital had lost its predominant position, and heavy industry was restricted to some degree-at least to the extent that it could not interfere with the overall objectives of the regime in foreign and domestic policy. So, industrial leadership, under the Nazi regime, was smaller and much more integrated than it had been in the Weimar period. In a sense, the whole Nazi economy was under the rule of certain monopoly producers, who made a deal with the political rulers. Although, I hasten to add, that this does not mean that the Marxists are right in saying that the Nazi party represented a capitalist plot to save itself from disintegration. The Nazi movement was much more than a mere salvage operation of monopoly capitalism. Hitler used the capitalists as much as they used him." - Professor Gerhard Rempel, The Political System of the Third Reich

"Darre wished to "reform" the production and marketing of food and to raise prices for farmers. Darre's entire program was designed with one objective in mind: to insulate the peasant farmer from the market. To this end, Darre issued the Hereditary Farm Law in 1933, which had the purpose of preventing foreclosure on or the sale of farmland-at the expense of the peasant farmers` liberty. This "law" established that only Aryan Germans who could prove the purity of their bloodline back to 1800 could own a farm.
....
In 1936, Göring's Four Year Plan was inaugurated. This made Göring, who was almost as ignorant about economics as Hitler, Germany's economic dictator. In the drive for a total war economy, protectionism was decreed and autarchy the desire-the so-called "Battle of Production." Consumer imports were nearly eliminated, price and wage controls were enacted, and vast state projects were built to manufacture raw materials.
....
Businessmen and entrepreneurs were smothered by red tape, were told by the state what they could produce and how much and at what price, burdened by taxation, and were forced to make "special contributions" to the party. Corporations below a capitalization of $40,000 were dissolved and the founding of any below a capitalization of $2,000,000 was forbidden, which wiped out a fifth of all German businesses.

The cartelization of industry-which began before the Nazi regime-was made compulsory, and the Ministry of Economics was empowered to form new compulsory cartels or to force firms to join existing ones. The maze of business and trade associations created to lobby the Weimar Republic for various considerations in the law were nationalized and made compulsory for all businesses.
....
Then, in February 1935 all employment came under the exclusive control of government employment offices which determined who would work where and for how much. And on June 22, 1938, the Office of the Four Year Plan instituted guaranteed employment by conscripting labor. Every German worker was assigned a position from which he could not be released by the employer, nor could he switch jobs, without permission of the government employment office. Worker absenteeism was met with fines or imprisonment-all in the name of job security. A popular Nazi slogan at the time was "the Common Interest before Self"!
....
Social life too, was centralized by the Reich. Under the organization "Strength through Joy," the leisure time of the people was regimented. No organized social, sport or recreational groups-from chess and soccer clubs to bird-watching, to adult education, to the theatre, opera, and music concerts-were allowed to function without the oversight of the state. Besides the social costs of not trusting people to be able to look after themselves, there were the enormous costs of this vast bureaucracy that policed the private activities of the citizens." - Adam Young, Nazism is Socialism

"The German and the Russian systems of socialism have in com­mon the fact that the government has full control of the means of production. It decides what shall be produced and how. It allots to each individual a share of consumer's goods for his consumption. These systems would not have to be called socialist if it were other­wise.
....
The German pattern differs from the Russian one in that it (seemingly and nominally) maintains private ownership of the means of production and keeps the appearance of ordinary prices, wages, and markets. There are, however, no longer entrepreneurs but only shop managers (Betriebsführer). These shop managers do the buying and selling, pay the workers, contract debts, and pay interest and amortization. There is no labor market; wages and salaries are fixed by the government. The government tells the shop managers what and how to produce, at what prices and from whom to buy, at what prices and to whom to sell. The government decrees to whom and under what terms the capitalists must entrust their funds and where and at what wages laborers must work. Market exchange is only a sham. All the prices, wages, and interest rates are fixed by the central authority. They are prices, wages, and inter­est rates in appearance only; in reality they are merely determina­tions of quantity relations in the government's orders. The gov­ernment, not the consumers, directs production. This is socialism in the outward guise of capitalism. Some labels of capitalistic market economy are retained but they mean something entirely different from what they mean in a genuine market economy." - Omnipotent Government by Ludwig von Mises

"Before Hitler came to power, Chancellor Brüning again introduced price control in Germany for the usual reasons. Hitler enforced it, even before the war started. For in Hitler’s Germany there was no private enterprise or private initiative. In Hitler’s Germany there was a system of socialism which differed from the Russian sys tem only to the extent that the terminology and labels of the free economic system were still retained. There still existed 50 Economic Policy “private enterprises,” as they were called. But the owner was no longer an entrepreneur, the owner was called a “shop manager” (Betriebsführer).
....
The whole of Germany was organized in a hierarchy of führers; there was the Highest Führer, Hitler of course, and then there were führers down to the many hierarchies of smaller führers. And the head of an enterprise was the Betriebsführer. And the workers of the enterprise were named by a word that, in the Middle Ages, had signified the retinue of a feudal lord: the Gefolgschaft. And all of these people had to obey the orders issued by an institution which had a terribly long name:Reichsführerwirtschaftsministerium (Führer of the Reich’s, i.e., the empire’s, Ministry of Economics), at the head of which was the well-known fat man, named Goering, adorned with jewelry and medals.
....
And from this body of ministers with the long name came all the orders to every enterprise: what to produce, in what quantity, where to get the raw materials and what to pay for them, to whom to sell the products and at what prices to sell them. The workers got the order to work in a definite factory, and they received wages which the government decreed. The whole economic system was now regulated in every detail by the government.
....
The Betriebsführer did not have the right to take the profits for himself; he received what amounted to a salary, and if he wanted to get more he would, for example, say: “I am very sick, I need an operation immediately, and the operation will cost 500 Marks,” then he had to ask the führer of the district (the Gauführer or Gauleiter) whether he had the right to take out more than the salary which was given to him. The prices were no longer prices, the wages were no longer wages, they were all quantitative terms in a system of socialism." - Ludvig von Mises, ECONOMIC POLICY. Thoughts for Today and Tomorrow. 1979

"When in power Hitler also implemented a quite socialist programme. Like F.D. Roosevelt, he provided employment by a much expanded programme of public works (including roadworks) and his Kraft durch Freude ("power through joy") movement was notable for such benefits as providing workers with subsidized holidays at a standard that only the rich could formerly afford. And while Hitler did not nationalize all industry, there was extensive compulsory reorganization of it and tight party control over it. It might be noted that even in the post-war Communist bloc there was never total nationalization of industry. In fact, in Poland, most agriculture always remained in private hands.
....
There always remained, however, one essential difference between Nazi and Communist ideology: Their responses to social class. Stalin preached class war and glorified class consciousness whereas Hitler wanted to abolish social classes and root out class-consciousness. Both leaders, as socialists, saw class inequality as a problem but their solutions to it differed radically. The great Nazi slogan Ein Reich, ein Volk, ein Fuehrer ("One State, one people, one leader") summed this up. Hitler wanted unity among Germans, not class antagonisms. He wanted loyalty to himself and to Germany as a whole, not loyalty to any class. Stalin wanted to unite the workers. Hitler wanted to unite ALL Germans. Stalin openly voiced his hatred of a large part of his own population; Hitler professed to love all Germans regardless of class (except for the Jews, of course). This was indeed a fundamental difference and substantially accounts both for Hitler's unwavering contempt for Bolshevism and his popularity among all classes of Germans.
....
Hitler was, however, more Rightist than Stalin in the sense that, as a popular leader, he did not need to resort to extreme forms of oppressive control over his people (Unger, 1965). German primary and secondary industry did not need to be nationalized because they largely did Hitler's bidding willingly. State control was indeed exercised over German industry but it was done without formally altering its ownership and without substantially alienating or killing its professional managers.

The contempt that Hitler had for Stalin and for "Bolshevism" generally should also not mislead us in assessing the similarity between Nazism and Communism. Leftist sects are very prone to rivalry, dissension, schism and hatred of one-another. One has only to think of the Bolsheviks versus the Mensheviks, Stalin versus Trotsky, China versus the Soviet Union, China "teaching Vietnam a lesson", the Vietnamese suppression of the Khmer Rouge etc. Similarity does not preclude rivalry and in the end it was mainly competition for power that set Hitler and Stalin on a collision course.
....
Hitler was not however original in being both a socialist and a nationalist. The Italian nationalist leader, Mussolini, came to power much before Hitler but was in fact even more Leftist than Hitler. Although generally regarded as the founder of Fascism, in his early years Mussolini was one of Italy's leading Marxist theoreticians. He was even an intimate of Lenin. He first received his well-known appellation of Il Duce ("the leader") while he was still a member of Italy's "Socialist" (Marxist) party and, although he had long been involved in democratic politics, he gained power by essentially revolutionary means (the march on Rome). Even after he had gained power, railing against "plutocrats" remained one of his favourite rhetorical ploys. He was, however, an instinctive Italian patriot and very early on added a nationalistic appeal to his message, thus being the first major figure to add the attraction of nationalism to the attraction of socialism. He was the first socialist to learn the lesson that Hitler and Stalin after him used to such "good" effect." - John J. Ray. Hitler was a Socialist.

"It is a common mistake to regard National Socialism as a mere revolt against reason, an irrational movement without intellectual background. If that were so, the movement would be much less dangerous than it is. But nothing could be further from the truth or more misleading. The doctrines of National Socialism are the culmination of a long evolution of thought, a process in which thinkers have had great influence far beyond the confines of Germany have taken part. Whatever one may think of the premises from which they started, it cannot be denied that the men who produced the new doctrines were powerful writers who left the impress of their ideas on the whole of European thought. Their system was developed with ruthless consistency. Once one accepts the premises from which it starts, there is no escape from its logic. It is simply collectivism freed from all traces of an individualist tradition which might hamper its realization." - Friedrich Hayek. The Road to Serfdom: The Socialist Roots of Naziism

"Like most other economies, Germany's economy had hit bottom in 1932. Under Hitler, the strategy for recovery was largely the work of his economics minister, Hjalmar Schaact, traditionally a conservative but dynamic in thought. Schaact stopped the sending of German money out of Germany. He reduced foreign trade largely to barter agreements, and he put strict limits on imports -- all this to keep wealth within the country. Under Schaact, private industry was compelled to reinvest its profits in manufacturing approved by the state. And crucial to Germany's recovery was government spending, much of it on public works, the most visible of which was a new highway system -- the autobahn -- which the army wanted for more efficient movements within Germany. There was also an electrification program, and government investment in industry. One third of Germany's income had as its source government payments and investments -- almost three times the percentage being spent by the U.S. government. And, as in Sweden, the government debt that Schaact was creating was quickly offset by the recovery in revenues that came with the rise in the economy.

Wages and the standard of living remained relatively low for Germans, but the aim of the government was not public consumption but increased industrial production of non-consumer goods. Unemployment was falling, and business optimism returned. In 1935 compulsory labor service was introduced, and unemployment was reduced further as tax incentives were introduced to persuade women to leave the labor force, to return to what was considered traditional for German women: cooking, children and church attending (küche, kinder und kirche)." - Frank E. Smitha. World History.

"Walter Eucken was a professor of economics at the University of Freiburg, Germany and an architect of the economic reforms that led to the Economic Miracle. In this article Eucken wanted to explain the problems and weaknesses of centrally administered economies such as that of National Socialist (Nazi) Germany and the Soviet Union.

The Nazi economic system developed unintentionally. The initial objective in 1932-33 of its economic policy was just to reduce the high unemployment associated with the Great Depression. This involved public works, expansion of credit, easy monetary policy and manipulation of exchange rates. Generally Centrally Administered Economies (CAE's) have little trouble eliminating unemployment because they can create large public works projects and people are put to work regardless of whether or not their productivity exceeds their wage cost. Nazi Germany was successful in solving the unemployment problem, but after a few years the expansion of the money supply was threatening to create inflation.

The Nazi Government reacted to the threat of inflation by declaring a general price freeze in 1936. From that action the Nazi Government was driven to expand the role of the government in directing the economy and reducing the role played by market forces. Although private property was not nationalized, its use was more and more determined by the government rather than the owners.

Eucken uses the case of the leather industry. An individual leather factory produces at the direction of the Leather Control Office. This Control Office arranged for the factory to get the hides and other supplies it needed to produce leather. The output of leather was disposed of according to the dictates of the Leather Control Office. The Control Offices set their directives through a process involving four stages:
1. The collection of statistical information by a Statistical Section. The Statistical Section tried to assemble all the important data on past production, equipment, storage facilities and raw material requirements.
2. The planning of production taking into account the requirements of leather by other industries in their plans; e.g. the needs of the Shoe Control Office for supplies of leather. The available supply of hides limited the production of leather. There had to be a balancing of supply and demand. The result of the planning of all the control offices was a Balance Sheet. There was some effort at creating some system for solving the planning, such as production being limited by the narrowest bottleneck, but in practice the planning ended up being simply scaling up past production and planning figures.
3. The issuing of production orders to the individual factories.
4. Checking up on compliance with the planning orders." - Thayer Watkins. The Economy of Germany.

""The economic policies of the Nazis were designed to help the largest corporations in Germany, particularly ones where high-ranking Nazi official were majority shareholders. Small businesses and companies in non-essential industries were bought out, driven out of business or confiscated if the owners were enemies of the state such as Jews and Communists. Nazi-controlled corporations benefited because they both obtained the assets of the other companies and had fewer competitors as a result. The former owners of the small businesses, many of whom were highly skilled artisans, would then be forced to work for these large corporations in order to earn a living." - Review of "The Economics of Barbarism Hitler's New Economic Order in Europe". J. Kuczynski and M. Witt .

"By 1948 the German people had lived under price controls for 12 years. Adolf Hitler had imposed them on the German people in 1936 so that his government could buy war materials at artificially low prices. (Roosevelt and Churchill also imposed price controls.) In November 1945 the Allied Control Authority, formed by the governments of the United States, Britain, France, and the Soviet Union, agreed to keep Hitler's price controls in place." - The German Economic "Miracle" by David R. Henderson

"Hitler himself apparently never had a clue that the economic policies he had followed for the first three years of his regime were responsible for his production problems. By 1936, Kershaw makes clear, Hitler believed his own press clippings regarding his economic acumen. Thus, for Hitler, the food crisis only confirmed his preconceptions. In the secret memorandum on which Goring's Four Year Plan was based, Hitler wrote, "We are overpopulated and cannot feed ourselves from our own resources. The solution ultimately lies in extending the living space of our people, that is, in extending the sources of its raw materials and foodstuffs." That is, the problem is not my fault and the answer is war, not economic reform." - Book review by Michael McMenamin; Hitler, 1889-1936, by Ian Kershaw

"The state did not own industry in Germany. It consequently needed to have a legal instrument with which to implement the plan. The Nazis signed long-term contracts with industry groups to buy their outputs at fixed prices. These contracts where nominally contracts expressing agreement between the two parties. But they were decidedly unequal. The Nazis viewed property as conditional on its use - not a fundamental right. If the property was not being used to further Nazi goals, it could be nationalized. Prof. Junkers of the Junkers aeroplanes factory refused to follow the government's bidding in 1934. The Nazis thereupon took over the plant, compensating the Junkers for his loss. This was the context other contracts were negotiated." - Soviet and Nazi economic planing in the 1930's. Peter Temin (pdf).


Saturday, May 22, 2004

The strange Mao 

Let's face it, Mao was a weirdo. Not only did he commit acts of total lunacy and immense cruelty during his reign, leading to deaths of tens of millions of people, much of what was in the name of the industrialization of China (he really thought that China could catch up to the West in 5-10 years).

His personal life and his weird comments make him one a true role model for the wacko dictator. The private physician of Mao from 1955 to his death in 1973, Dr. Li Zhisui, described a man full of strange habits and immense self-deception. Mao refused to bathe and brush his teeth, and had to be sponge-cleaned by his assistants. He lay in bed all day, and although infested with venereal diseases, he slept with peasants girls, sent to him from the countryside. When he traveled through the countryside, local party officials would only show him homes plentiful of food, at the same time people were starving. They would even light fires in the night, telling him that they were steel-furnaces.

The words and writings of Mao are though the best testament of his sick mind. No other dictator in history has such an abundance of weird quotations as Chairman Mao:

"War, this monster of mutual slaughter among men, will be finally eliminated by the progress of human society, and in the not too distant future too. But there is only one way to eliminate it and that is to oppose war with war, to oppose counter-revolutionary war with revolutionary war, to oppose national counter-revolutionary war with national revolutionary war, and to oppose counter-revolutionary class war with revolutionary class war..."

"Despise the enemy strategically, but take him seriously tactically."

"I voted for you during your last election.", said to Richard Nixon.

"Passivity is fatal to us. Our goal is to make the enemy passive."

" have said that all the reputedly powerful reactionaries are merely paper tigers. The reason is that they are divorced from the people. Look! Was not Hitler a paper tiger? Was Hitler not overthrown? I also said that of the Tsar of Russia, the emperor of China and Japanese imperialism were all overthrown. U.S. imperialism has not yet been overthrown and it has the atom bomb. I believe it also will be overthrown. It, too, is a paper tiger."

"Communism is not love. Communism is a hammer which we use to crush the enemy."

"Revolution is not a dinner party, not an essay, nor a painting, nor a piece of embroidery; it cannot be advanced softly, gradually, carefully, considerately, respectfully, politely, plainly and modestly."

"Swollen in head, weak in legs, sharp in tongue but empty in belly.", said about intellectuals.

"Once all struggle is grasped, miracles are possible."

"Kindness in words creates confidence. Kindness in thinking creates profoundness. Kindness in giving creates love."

"The socialist system will eventually replace the capitalist system; this is an objective law independent of man's will. However much the reactionaries try to hold back the wheel of history, sooner or later revolution will take place and will inevitably triumph."

"Every Communist must grasp the truth, 'Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.' Our principle is that the [Communist] Party commands the gun and the gun will never be allowed to command the Party."

"Politics is war without bloodshed, while war is politics with bloodshed."

"The force at the core leading our cause forward is the Chinese Communist Party. The theoretical basis guiding our thinking is Marxism-Leninism."


Friday, May 21, 2004

The health of Fidel Castro 

It is not only the good health of the Cuban nation that is wildly exaggerated, the leader has to have his share as well:

Date: May 19 2004

Fidel Castro's doctor denied rumours that the president's health was ailing, saying today the 77-year-old leader is in excellent health and claiming he can live at least 140 years.

Dr Eugenio Selman Housein said Mr Castro continues to run and swim and pointed to the president's participation in a massive protest march on Friday.

Castro led the march past the US diplomatic mission in Havana to protest US policy against the island's communist government for about 800 metres, walking slowly and with some difficulty.

"He is formidably well," Mr Housein told reporters at a conference on "satisfactory longevity" in the capital city. The press "is always speculating about something, that he had a heart attack once, that he had cancer, some neurological problem."

But Mr Castro is healthy enough to live at least 140 years, said Mr Selman, who heads a "120-years Club" that promotes wholesome habits for the elderly.

"I am not exaggerating," said Mr Selman, who believes people are capable of living five times the number of years it takes for the human body to fully grow - which he said is around 25 years.

Cuba's life expectancy, which is 76.6 years, is one of Latin America's highest, and just below that of the United States, which is 77.4 years, according to the CIA World Factbook.

Mr Selman is never far from Mr Castro and marched near the leader on Friday. He is one of 250 medical experts from Latin American and the United States participating in the longevity conference, which runs to Friday.

AP

This story is just magnificent. Remember the story of the longlivety of the healthy people of the Caucasus mountains, that were rumored to live way past the age of 100. That fabrication was the result of Stalins facination (and probably wish of) with longlivety. And the healthy Chairman Mao, who was so fit that he swam across a river, much to the delight of his western followers.


Thursday, May 20, 2004

Common roots: No understanding of economics  

What all of the ideologies that help catapult dictators to power have in common is a gross misunderstanding of economic reality. The same themes are played again and again, but with some different styles as is expected. This is not only true of the usual suspects of the Twentieth century, Marxism and the Nazis. Most revolutionaries that have seized control of the various countries have adopted similar ideas and methods. One defining event in world history is Marxism, but it has been a source of inspiration for most revolutionaries since it is deceptively clever in letting the reader believe that the superficial impressions that most of us feel at one time or another, is the whole truth, and nothing else.

The labor theory of value

Although Marxism is not the main point in this discussion, it is worthwhile to dwell on of his main fallacy, the labor theory of value that he takes to the extreme. But there are many more.

The ideas of Marxism, and other socialistic ideologies do only focus on what is easy to see and understand. In the labor theory of value, the value of a good is a subject of the human labor that created it. Most people, including me, accept that this is indeed important. Gold owes much of its value due to the labor in discovering new mines, creating useful tools and machines to extract it as well as the labor needed to extract it from the ground and transporting it around the world. This is easy for everyone to understand. However, it takes a little more imagination to see the value of the businessman that unlocks value by facilitating deals between landowners, business and government. Same goes for the accountants and administrative staff, that are essential in all complex ventures. The engineers create value by making sure that everything works smoothly in the mines, and coming up with clever solutions every now and then.

People understand the value created by the man with the shovel and hammer quite easily, he burst boulders with his sledge or digs an important channel with his shovel, of course all sweaty under the burning sun. Surely he must be creating some value. Strangely (or not) people sometimes have trouble in understanding the value of the stockbroker or the actuary, to name a few. Even today many question the value of money when it creates more money, especially when someone actually risks his money to gain more, thus the moneyman is just a profiteer. Simple things as education is also easily looked past, and politicians today lament that doctors have high wages but forget that to become a doctor one needs to spend a decade or so with no or sporadic wages.

How to exploit the injustice that is so evident

Genially shallow people like Marx seem to really have looked past all of the value that merely takes a tint of imagination to visualize. This, despite having worked in accounting and having all the time in the world to do real research to discover the truth (real, meaning mingling and exploring the real world outside the British Museum). The people that have adopted the ideas of Marx, or similar quack ideas, may or may not see past them. Their neural pathways may run in parallel with the likes of Marx, thus making the slightest creative thought and open-mindedness all but impossible, and thus, they swallowed the theories whole. But some of them probably did see the faults of those ideas, and this is likely, since the total stupidity of these works literally can bring tears to the sensible reader (out of compassion for someone harboring this degree of spite and shallowness in his mind).

The reason for the popularity of these ideas is that they are easy to use to gain popularity. It is so much more easy to say something about the damn profiteers that exploit the working people, especially if they are foreigners, than talk about the value of free trade or like. The popularist has also created a problem that is not difficult to remedy. If some one has taken that is not his (the surplus value, stolen land, or whatever it is called), it is only natural to take it back. For them it is not only natural, but also just and justifiable to do so.

What is said here above does not only apply to the Socialists. This is true, the Socialists, all of their innumerable fractions (Communists, Marxists, Fidelists, Trotskyists, Socialsits...), used this combination of economic mis-understanding and popularism to gain support of the masses. This is also the case with the Nazis, not a great surprise for a party called the National Socialist German Workers Party. The ideological mingling of the Nazis and the Marxists is well documented:

The Nazis adopted Marx’s view of capitalism and they accepted the socialist belief that the Jews were the personification of capitalism. Add to their anti-Semitism and socialism the ingredient of nationalism and you have the essence of the Nazi movement. Hitler’s nationalism was a response to the burdensome and unfair mandates imposed on Germany by the Versailles Treaty. With Germany being intentionally humiliated by the Allies the German people were ready for a nationalist movement. But Hitler’s secret of success was that he built his nationalism on a foundation of Marxist economics and socialist anti-Semitism both of which were widely accepted by the German people. The Marxist Origins of Hitlerian Hate. Jim Peron.

This is something that the world history has brought us time and time again. Popularistic movement, with some questionable characters leading the way, adopts ideology that incorporates some kind of proof that there are evil-doers that are exploiting the common people. The enemy can be whoever, landlords, traders, Jews, capitalists, or as we see in the middle east, the evil west. The ideology can be whatever, Communism, Nazism, Fidelism (also called Castroism, until 'the man' adopted Marxism), these profound ideologies pop up at an astonishing speed it seems.

How long does it take to copy and paste some Marxist-like ideology, regionalize it, and then start a revolution?


Sunday, May 16, 2004

Youth Movement  

Every political group needs a youth movement, and the more dictatorial the movement is, the more ruthless they become in imprinting the youngsters with their political and lifestyle propaganda. Sure, many political youth movements today are benign phenomena, where people can voice their own opinions without the risk of harassment. But we have seen some extreme youth movements in the last century but the Hitler’s youth is the best known, although there are many that are as devious and grand in scale.

Hitler Jungend The Hitler's youth was aligned with a more general scheme of molding the nation to the Fuhrers will. His movement was to be an inspiration to other dictators for the decades to come. In it's peak, the movement had more than 4 million members.

"The weak must be chiseled away. I want young men and women who can suffer pain. A young German must be as swift as a greyhound, as tough as leather, and as hard as Krupp's steel." - Adolf Hitler.

The movements had political motives but they also contained a tiny bit of the all consuming megalomania of the Fuhrer as well, as Erika Mann wrote in a book called School for Barbarians:

Every child says 'Heil Hitler!' from 50 to 150 times a day, immeasurably more often than the old neutral greetings. The formula is required by law; if you meet a friend on the way to school, you say it; study periods are opened and closed with 'Heil Hitler!', 'Heil Hitler!' says the postman, the street-car conductor, the girl who sells you notebooks at the stationery store; and if your parents’ first words when you come home to lunch are not 'Heil Hitler!' they have been guilty of a punishable offense, and can be denounced. 'Heil Hitler!' they shout, in the Jungvolk and Hitler Youth. 'Heil Hitler!' cry the girls in the League of German Girls. Your evening prayers must close with 'Heil Hitler!' if you take your devotions seriously.

It goes without saying that only a stern psychopath could induce this kind of worship of 'his people'. The youth movement was under the supervision of Baldur von Shirach and the movement had more than 4 million children enrolled at its peak. The boys spent much of their time in Wehrsport, military athletics, and trained in the various military-like activities, in addition of ingesting an unhealthy dose of propaganda. The girls joined the Jungmadelbund, the league of young girls, and trained for motherhood. The boys were drawn at an increasingly younger age into the army and in the battle for berlin, the army mainly consisted of the Hitler Youth.

Saddam Hussain, who was a dedicated fan of Adolf Hitler developed an extensive youth program, Saddam-style. The children were enrolled at the age of 5. The failure of parents to enroll the children to the program was of course dangerous. The most devious about this program was that the children were instructed to be little spies and told to report any comment that was not favorable to Saddam or his regime. The whole nation had to endure his intimate presence during most of his years in power.

Saddam also started an elite youth movement, Ashbal Saddam or Saddam's Lion Cubs. This movement mainly consisted of orphans and they were raised to become part of Fedayeen Saddam, the fiercely loyal guards of Saddam Hussain.

To avoid parents being a retrograde force in the home, we must arm the child with an inner light so that he can repel this influence. Some fathers have escaped our hold for various reasons, but a young boy is still in our hands... The family unit must comply with centralised customs, ruled by revolutionary positions and traditions. - Saddam Hussain.

The cultural revolution of Chairman Mao took the youth movement to new heights. Millions of youngsters were sent to the countryside, no questions asked and no one knew when or if they would return. This geriatric rampage of the weirdo dictator killed millions of his own people and sent the country back to the stone age, both in economically and ideologically. The cultural revolution lasted 10 years and ended only with the death of the Chairman himself. More on the cultural revolution in this site and this fantastic Dutch poster page: Stefan Landsberger's Chinese Propaganda Poster Pages .


Antisocial Personality Disorder - The Psychopathic Dictator 

It is relevant to the subject material on this site to review the medical diagnostic term for amoral individuals, commonly called psychopaths. It is estimated that 2-5% of all individuals are psychopaths, and most of the persons covered on this web-site are most definitely psychopaths. Why the worst get on top is an interesting question per se and is a worthy subject by itself.

DSM-IV: Antisocial Personality Disorder Definition

Sociopathic Personality or Antisocial Personality Disorder is a personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of conduct disorder before age 15. It is diagnosed by the presence of three (or more) of the following:

  • failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors as indicated by repeatedly performing acts that are grounds for arrest
  • deceitfulness, as indicated by repeated lying, use of aliases, or conning others for personal profit or pleasure
  • impulsivity or failure to plan ahead
  • irritability and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated physical fights or assaults
  • reckless disregard for safety of self or others
  • consistent irresponsibility, as indicated by repeated failure to sustain consistent work behavior or honor financial obligations
  • lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent to or rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another
The occurrence of antisocial behavior is not exclusively during the course of schizophrenia or a manic episode. Some of the associated features are: depressed mood, drug addiction and erratic behavior.

ICD-10: F60.2 Dissocial (Antisocial) Personality Disorder

Personality disorder, usually coming to attention because of a gross disparity between behavior and the prevailing social norms, and characterized by at least 3 of the following:

(a) callous unconcern for the feelings of others;
(b) gross and persistent attitude of irresponsibility and disregard for social norms, rules and obligations;
(c) incapacity to maintain enduring relationships, though having no difficulty in establishing them;
(d) very low tolerance to frustration and a low threshold for discharge of aggression, including violence;
(e) incapacity to experience guilt and to profit from experience, particularly punishment;
(f) marked proneness to blame others, or to offer plausible rationalizations, for the behavior that has brought the patient into conflict with society.

There may also be persistent irritability as an associated feature. Conduct disorder during childhood and adolescence, though not invariably present, may further support the diagnosis.

Includes:
* amoral, antisocial, asocial, psychopathic, and sociopathic personality (disorder)

Excludes:
* conduct disorders
* emotionally unstable personality disorder

These are the diagnostic criteria that are most commonly used for a medical diagnosis of psychopaths. The criteria above are not irrefutable science, but with relevant experience they can be used for fairly accurate diagnosis.

The psychopath comes in every shape and form. No specific class or background does seem to generate more psychopaths than others. The psychopaths can be as good looking and clever as the next person and does only occasionally stand out in a crowd.

If one compares the diagnostic criteria seen above with the average dictator, chances are that most or all of the criteria apply. This is of course pretty easy to do, once they start to purge the nation of the Jews, counterrevolutionaries or whatever the propaganda machine deems to be the most likely for popularity to persecute. However, for those that the years before they came to power are well documented, it is usually quite easy to make the diagnosis.

Take the early years of one Adolph Hitler for example. In his childhood Hitler did show his famous temper tantrums, uncontrollable outburst of rage, when confronted or criticized. This is quite typical of psychopaths who almost invariably can't stand the slightest criticism. His personal life was also quite pathological. He had trouble bonding with people in a normal way and had few true friends growing up. His 'love' his niece Geli Raubal was more like an obsession that the poor girl got out of by committing suicide. Eva Braun also attempted suicide but survived, only commit suicide by her masters side a decade later. Hitler of course never blamed himself for his misfortunes as an young man, but he often barely survived in Vienna as an struggling artist. The same trait is evident and well documented, when things started to wrong in the war, he blamed everyone but himself.

The megalomania was also all-consuming. In the dying days of the war when he was in the famous Berlin bunker (with a horde of people, all but one were quite pathological characters) he said that if he should perish, the German people should as well. The United States Office of Strategic Services (OSS) made a psychological profile of Hitler and there are many quotes that are quite revealing of his character: "Do you realize that you are in the presence of the greatest German of all time?; I cannot be mistaken. What I do and say is historical; For the last twenty-four hours I was the supreme court of the German people; I am one of the hardest men Germany has had for decades, perhaps for centuries, equipped with the greatest authority of any German leader... but above all, I believe in my success. I believe in it unconditionally." The verdict of the OSS is of no surprise.

His ideology was, besides being evil, a mixed bag of socialistic ideas blended with fierce nationalism and xenophobia. These ideas were neither original nor coherent. The discrepancies are obvious to all to see and this is what most people have speculated over one time or another. Why was this non-Aryan looking man creating a master race of blond, strong and beautiful people? What is the difference between the Poles, Dutch and Russians and Germans, with respect to blondishness. There is no difference between these nations in that particular mater. What about the nationalism and the internationalism of the Aryan people, but Hitler said that the Nordic people, plus few other nations, were a little Aryan as well. What about his personal life and his hatred of the Jews. One would think that his family had been killed by some crazy Jews. This aspect of Hitler’s life has been studied well by bewildered historians and no reasonable explanation was discovered.

The discrepancies between Hitler’s life and his ideology are easily explainable by his personality; He just does not care.

Many other examples can be found throughout history. Fidel Castro is a fine example of a psychopathic individual that has been able to mesmerize a great deal (the left) of the human population. The son of a rich plantation owner, Castro did show at an early age many of the character traits that would eventually make him famous. His brother Raul said of him: "But Fidel was different. He dominated situations... And, every day, he would fight. He had a very explosive character. He challenged the biggest and the strongest ones, and when he was beaten, he started it all over again the next day. He never quit."* The shallow Fidel took identity refuge in the legendary revolutionary Jose Marti, again and again he discovered eerie similarities to his life and the one of Marti and talked endlessly of this in his numerous speeches. This is just what psychopaths do. They no only steal physical things and lie to advance their cause. They also heavily 'borrow' the identity of people, nations or national heritage. This is what Adolph Hitler did with the Nordic heritage and Wagner. He managed to damage Wagner’s image to the degree that only recently one of his Opera was first played in Israel.

Castro was not merely an unruly teenager in his university years. He was actually quite active in one of the university gangs that was in constant war with other 'youth movements', and Castro was implicated in several murders. This is Fidel Castro in his teens and early twenties. He was not convicted, but then again, are gang members ever convicted of anything.

After rising to power after the revolution, the friendly cigar-smoking revolutionary, started to kill anyone of those in his government that opposed him or was the slightest threat to his power. The all to familiar, after-the-revolution purges. He persecuted the imperialists (foreign companies) and land owners in from the onset of the revolution. But he did not stop there. Throughout his reign, he has persecuted small business owners and private farms, that by no means fit either category. He deviated from his particular form of socialism to pronounce himself a Marx-Leninist, when it became convenient to suck up to the Soviets. Hardly a strong sense of ideology.

These two are only random examples of psychopathic dictators. The point being, if one takes a good look at the lives and actions of these dictators and their henchmen it becomes obvious that most, if not all, are easily diagnosed as psychopaths. This applies to the megalomaniac Napoleon, cruel Saddam Hussein and the inhumane Chairman Mao and many many more.

*Volker Sierka, Fidel Castro. A biography. p.14)


Saturday, May 15, 2004

Megalomania 

Colossal Stalin staue Mao staue Kim staue

megalomania \meg-uh-lo-MAY-nee-ah; -nyuh\, noun:
1. A mania for grandiose or extravagant things or actions.
2. A mental disorder characterized by delusions of grandeur.

And this is just mind-boggling: The Official Home Page of North-Korea*

* This is a not really the official site, but, as my friend said on occasions, it could be true and therefore it does not mater.

mao poster hitler poster stalin poster

Personality cult is the direct result of the megalomania that all these dictators suffer from. The same megalomania also dictates their adoption of political doctrine and the method of governance, all of them embrace some social variant as their political system and run the country in a top-down fashion.

'Laissez faire' does not exist in their lexicon.


The Psychological Profile of Saddam Hussain 

I think this origanally came from CIA. Wherever it came from, I concurr.

Saddam Hussein’s psychology can be described in terms of the syndrome of malignant narcissism. The core components of this syndrome are pathological narcissism, antisocial features, paranoid traits, and unconstrained aggression.

1. Pathological narcissism

Saddam exhibits extreme grandiosity, overconfidence, and self-absorption to a degree that renders him incapable of empathizing with the pain and suffering of others. He is devoid of empathy and unmoved by human suffering, which permits him to commit atrocities against his own people as readily as he is willing to brutalize his enemies.

2. Antisocial features

The tenuous social conscience of malignant narcissists is governed primarily by self-interest. Malignantly narcissistic leaders like Saddam Hussein are driven by power motives and self-aggrandizement; however, their amorality permits them to exploit the principled beliefs and deeply held convictions of others (e.g., religious values or nationalistic fervor) to consolidate their own power. They are undeterred by the threat of punishment, which makes them singularly resistant to economic inducement, sanctions, or any other pressures short of force.

3. A paranoid outlook

Behind a grandiose facade, malignant narcissists harbor a siege mentality. They are insular, project their own hostilities onto others, and fail to recognize their own role in creating foes. These real or imagined enemies, in turn, are used to justify their own aggression against others.

4. Unconstrained aggression

Malignant narcissists are cold, ruthless, sadistic, and cynically calculating, yet skilled at concealing their aggressive intent behind a public mask of civility or idealistic concern.

Political implications

Because self-aggrandizement is the guiding force that drives Saddam, the only plausible scenario under which he would voluntarily relinquish political power would be the conviction that it would give him a “second lease on life” and permit him to survive the current crisis, ultimately to return to power. His personality profile suggests that Saddam Hussein will use all means at his disposal to cling to power. If backed into a corner, there is an elevated risk that he will take his own life rather than surrender.


Benito Mussonlini and Fascism 

" Fascism was, in fact, a Marxist coinage. Marxists borrowed the name of Mussolini's Italian party, the Fascisti, and applied it to Hitler's Nazis, adroitly papering over the fact that the Nazis, like Marxism's standard-bearers, the Soviet Communists, were revolutionary socialists. In fact, "Nazi" was (most annoyingly) shorthand for the National Socialist German Workers' Party. European Marxists successfully put over the idea that Nazism was the brutal, decadent last gasp of "capitalism." " - Tom Wolfe

musso "If the bourgeoisie think they will find lightning conductors in us they are the more deceived; we must start work at once .... We want to accustom the working class to real and effectual leadership" - Benito Mussolini

"Fascism should more appropriately be called Corporatism because it is a merger of State and corporate power." - Benito Mussolini

"Fascism has taken up an attitude of complete opposition to the doctrines of Liberalism, both in the political field and in the field of economics". - Benito Mussolini

"All within the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state." - Benito Mussolini

"Socialism is a fraud, a comedy, a phantom, a blackmail." - Benito Mussolini

"The socialists ask what is our program? Our program is to smash the skulls of the socialists." - Benito Mussolini

"Given that the nineteenth century was the century of Socialism, of Liberalism, and of Democracy, it does not necessarily follow that the twentieth century must also be a century of Socialism, Liberalism and Democracy: political doctrines pass, but humanity remains, and it may rather be expected that this will be a century of authority ... a century of Fascism. For if the nineteenth century was a century of individualism it may be expected that this will be the century of collectivism and hence the century of the State." - Benito Mussolini

"The Fascist conception of life stresses the importance of the State and accepts the individual only in so far as his interests coincide with the State. It is opposed to classical liberalism [which] denied the State in the name of the individual; Fascism reasserts the rights of the State as expressing the real essence of the individual." - Benito Mussolini, The Doctrine of Fascism (1932)

"The maxim that society exists only for the well-being and freedom of the individuals composing it does not seem to be in conformity with nature's plans. If classical liberalism spells individualism, Fascism spells government." - Benito Mussolini, The Doctrine of Fascism (1932)


Total disregard for the free market 

"There is no economic theory or opinion which can claim to be considered as sacrosanct. The will to place the economic system at the service of the people, and capital at the service of economics, is the only thing that is of decisive importance here.

We know that National Socialism vigorously combats the opinion which holds that the economic structure exists for the benefit of capital and that the people are to be looked upon as subject to the economic system. We were therefore determined from the very beginning to exterminate the false notion that the economic system could exist and operate entirely freely and entirely outside of any control or supervision on the part of the State. Today there can no longer be such a thing as an independent economic system. That is to say, the economic system can no longer be left to itself exclusively. And this is so, not only because it is unallowable from the political point of view but also because, in the purely economic sphere itself, the consequences would be disastrous.

It is out of the question that millions of individuals should be allowed to work just as they like and merely to meet their own needs; but it is just as impossible to allow the entire system of economics to function according to the notions held exclusively in economic circles and thus made to serve egotistic interests. Then there is the further consideration that these economic circles are not in a position to bear the responsibility for their own failures. In its modern phase of the development, the economic system concentrates enormous masses of workers in certain special branches and in definite local areas. New inventions or a slump in the market may destroy whole branches of industry at one blow.

The industrialist may close his factory gates. He may even try to find a new field for his personal activities. In most cases he will not be ruined so easily. Moreover, the industrialists who have to suffer in such contingencies are only a small number if individuals. But on the other side there are hundreds of thousands of workers, with their wives and children. Who is to defend their interests and care for them? The whole community of the people? Indeed, it is its duty to do so. Therefore the whole community cannot be made to bear the burden of economic disasters without according it the right of influencing and controlling economic life and thus avoiding catastrophes." - Adolf Hitler, Speech in the Reichstag, 30. Janúar 1937


Wednesday, May 12, 2004

Karl Marx and the Jewish question 

marx "Let us consider the actual, worldly Jew -- not the Sabbath Jew, as Bauer does, but the everyday Jew. Let us not look for the secret of the Jew in his religion, but let us look for the secret of his religion in the real Jew. What is the secular basis of Judaism? Practical need, self-interest. What is the worldly religion of the Jew? Huckstering. What is his worldly God? Money." - Karl Marx, On the Jewish question.

"Indeed, in North America, the practical domination of Judaism over the Christian world has achieved as its unambiguous and normal expression that the preaching of the Gospel itself and the Christian ministry have become articles of trade, and the bankrupt trader deals in the Gospel just as the Gospel preacher who has become rich goes in for business deals." - Karl Marx, On the Jewish question.

"Money is the jealous god of Israel, in face of which no other god may exist. Money degrades all the gods of man -- and turns them into commodities. Money is the universal self-established value of all things. It has, therefore, robbed the whole world -- both the world of men and nature -- of its specific value. Money is the estranged essence of man's work and man's existence, and this alien essence dominates him, and he worships it." - Karl Marx, On the Jewish question.

"The god of the Jews has become secularized and has become the god of the world. The bill of exchange is the real god of the Jew. His god is only an illusory bill of exchange." - Karl Marx, On the Jewish question.


Monday, May 03, 2004

The ramblings of Chariman Mao 

mao "I have said that all the reputedly powerful reactionaries are merely paper tigers. The reason is that they are divorced from the people. Look! Was not Hitler a paper tiger? Was Hitler not overthrown? I also said that of the Tsar of Russia, the emperor of China and Japanese imperialism were all overthrown. U.S. imperialism has not yet been overthrown and it has the atom bomb. I believe it also will be overthrown. It, too, is a paper tiger." - Mao Zedong. (He just does not make any sense)

"The people of the countries in the socialist camp should unite, the people of the countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America should unite, all peace-loving countries should unite, and all countries subjected to U.S. aggression, control, intervention or bullying should unite, and so form the broadest united front to oppose the U.S. imperialist policies of aggression and war and to defend world peace." - Mao Zedong follows the social soup recipe to the extreme here and shows us both pacifism and utter aggression in one paragraph.

"The socialist system will eventually replace the capitalist system; this is the objective law independent of man's will. However much the reactionaries try to hold bak the wheel of history, sooner or later revolutiion will take place and will inevitably triumph." - Mao Zedong


The words of Hitler and some of his henchmen 

In my all to humble opinion, I state that the best way to discover someones true agenda, is to study the writings and speeches of that person. Sure, a lot of promises and nice words also, and sometimes one can sometimes say, "this sounds like 'beutiful ideaology' really, everyone should be equal and happy". However, the beutiful idealology is not so pretty when one reads the detailed description on how equality is to be obtained.

"Gemeinnutz vor Eigennutz" - Adolf Hitler.

"Capital is not the master of the State, but its servant" - Adolf Hitler, Speech in Munich, 24. Apríl 1923

"I can achieve just as much by rearmament as by the construction of houses and by settlement. I can also give the unemployed more money to meet their needs. Thus I create purchasing power and increase the circulation of money. - Adolf Hitler, interview with Hermann Rauschning (1934)

"Some people say, 'He has brought out another plan.' When he had completed the first, why couldn't he leave us in peace? Now he is tackling problems that cannot be solved.' - Adolf Hitler

I say that they can be solved; there is no problem that cannot be, but faith is necessary. Think of the faith I had to have eighteen years ago, a single man on a lonely path. Yet I have come to leadership of the German people...." - Adolf Hitler, Speech in Nurenberg, 12. September 1936

"ECONOMICS is a secondary matter. World history teaches us that no people became great through economics: it was economics that brought them to their ruin. A people died when its race was disintegrated. Germany, too, did not become great through economics.
....
"The housing scarcity must be relieved through energetic action; houses must be granted to those who deserve them. Eisner said in 1918 that we had no right to demand the return of our prisoners - he was only saying openly what all Jews were thinking. People who so think must feel how life tastes in a concentration camp!
....
Extremes must be fought by extremes. Against the infection of materialism, against the Jewish pestilence we must hold aloft a flaming ideal. And if others speak of the World and Humanity we say the Fatherland - and only the Fatherland!" - Adolf Hitler, Speech in Munich, 18. September 1922

" 'Christian capitalism' is already as good as destroyed, the international Jewish Stock Exchange capital gains in proportion as the other loses ground. It is only the international Stock Exchange and loan-capital, the so-called 'supra-state capital,' which has profited from the collapse of our economic life, the capital which receives its character from the single supra-state nation which is itself national to the core, which fancies itself to be above all other nations, which places itself above other nations and which already rules over them.
....
The international Stock Exchange capital would be unthinkable, it would never have come, without its founders the supra-national, because intensely national, Jews....
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'NATIONAL' AND 'SOCIAL' ARE TWO IDENTICAL CONCEPTIONS. It was only the Jew who succeeded, through falsifying the social idea and turning it into Marxism, not only in divorcing the social idea from the national, but in actually representing them as utterly contradictory. That aim he has in fact achieved. At the founding of this Movement we formed the decision that we would give expression to this idea of ours of the identity of the two conceptions: despite all warnings, on the basis of what we had come to believe, on the basis of the sincerity of our will, we christened it ''National Socialist.' We said to ourselves that to be 'national' means above everything to act with a boundless and all-embracing love for the people and, if necessary, even to die for it. And similarly to be 'social' means so to build up the state and the community of the people that every individual acts in the interest of the community of the people and must be to such an extent convinced of the goodness, of the honorable straightforwardness of this community of the people as to be ready to die for it." - Adolf Hitler, Ræða í Munchen, 12. Apríl 1922

"The author of the article stated that the two symbols which are to-day opposed to one another, namely that of Bolshevism and National Socialism, stand for regimes which "in essential structure are similar and in many of their laws-their buttresses-are identical. The similarity is moreover increasing"." - Joseph Goebbels , 13. September 1935

"We are socialists, we are enemies of today's capitalistic economic system for the exploitation of the economically weak, with its unfair salaries, with its unseemly evaluation of a human being according to wealth and property instead of responsibility and performance, and we are all determined to destroy this system under all conditions." Adolf Hitler, 1 May 1927.

"Herein lies the difference between the National Socialist Revolution and other revolutions, with the exception of the Fascist Revolution in Italy. The National Socialist Revolution was almost entirely a bloodless proceeding. When the party took over power in Germany, after overthrowing the very formidable obstacles that had stood in its way, it did so without causing any damage whatsoever to property. I can say with a certain amount of pride that this was the first revolution in which not even a window-pane was broken. - Adolf Hitler, Speech, in the Reichstag, 30. Janúar 1937

"The hatred of these 'Americans' was not directed solely against commercial Germany or against military Germany. It was directed specially against social Germany, because this Germany had up to that time kept itself outside of the principles which governed the world trusts. The old Reich had at least made an honorable attempt to be socially-minded. We had to show for ourselves such an initiative in social institutions as no other country in the wide world could boast. . . . This explains why, even in Germany itself, the 'comrades' under Jewish leadership fought against their own vital interests. This explains the agitation carried on throughout the world under the same watchword. - Adolf Hitler, Speech in Munich, 13. Apríl 1923

"This production, and not a bank or gold reserve, is the first cover for a currency. And if I increase production I increase the real income of my fellow-citizens. And if I reduce production I reduce that income, no matter what wages are paid out." - Adolf Hitler, Speech in the Reichstag, 30. Janúar 1937

"There is no economic theory or opinion which can claim to be considered as sacrosanct. The will to place the economic system at the service of the people, and capital at the service of economics, is the only thing that is of decisive importance here.

We know that National Socialism vigorously combats the opinion which holds that the economic structure exists for the benefit of capital and that the people are to be looked upon as subject to the economic system. We were therefore determined from the very beginning to exterminate the false notion that the economic system could exist and operate entirely freely and entirely outside of any control or supervision on the part of the State. Today there can no longer be such a thing as an independent economic system. That is to say, the economic system can no longer be left to itself exclusively. And this is so, not only because it is unallowable from the political point of view but also because, in the purely economic sphere itself, the consequences would be disastrous.

It is out of the question that millions of individuals should be allowed to work just as they like and merely to meet their own needs; but it is just as impossible to allow the entire system of economics to function according to the notions held exclusively in economic circles and thus made to serve egotistic interests. Then there is the further consideration that these economic circles are not in a position to bear the responsibility for their own failures. In its modern phase of the development, the economic system concentrates enormous masses of workers in certain special branches and in definite local areas. New inventions or a slump in the market may destroy whole branches of industry at one blow.

The industrialist may close his factory gates. He may even try to find a new field for his personal activities. In most cases he will not be ruined so easily. Moreover, the industrialists who have to suffer in such contingencies are only a small number if individuals. But on the other side there are hundreds of thousands of workers, with their wives and children. Who is to defend their interests and care for them? The whole community of the people? Indeed, it is its duty to do so. Therefore the whole community cannot be made to bear the burden of economic disasters without according it the right of influencing and controlling economic life and thus avoiding catastrophes." - Adolf Hitler, Speech in the Reichstag, 30. Janúar 1937

"Socialism must present a conscious and determined opposition to individualism." - Paul Lensch, Three Years of World Revolution

"If coffee is in short supply for a while, it is hardly a necessity of life. It would be something different if potatoes or bread were lacking, things that are necessary for daily life. Coffee is a pure luxury item that one enjoys when one has it, but can easily give up when necessity or economic pressures require.

If coffee is in short supply, every German must know that it is not because of the government's ill will that is unwilling to let the people enjoy a cup of coffee, rather because of a national need, an economic requirement given Germany's situation, one that people have to accept.

The duty of every loyal person in such a situation is to reduce or entirely give up the luxury item in question, and to resume it only when sufficient supplies are again at hand, when the problem is overcome." - Joseph Goebbels, article 11, March 1939.

"That is why State enterprise nearly always lags behind private enterprise." - Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf

"Why could I not have been born a hundred years ago? I used to ask myself. Somewhere about the time of the Wars of Liberation, when a man was still of some value even though he had no 'business'." - Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf

"When we conduct such a holiday or ceremony, we want — as in everything else — to mobilize the spiritual or emotional strengths of the community for National Socialism. For example, Christmas is an inherited holiday about a theoretical peace for all of humanity. There is no national or social necessity to believe in this. However, we can present it as a holiday of actual internal national peace, which is in fact without question a critical demand of the National Socialist people's community to each individual German. If we make visible the blessings of this actual peace, along with its foundations and requirements, then "Christmas" doubtless can be a high point in the course of the political year. Both according to popular custom and popular view, the Christmas holiday can justifiably be seen as a festival of the homeland." - Hannes Kremer, New Meanings for "Inherited" Customs?

"My friends, it is all a matter of education, of education toward community. Socialism is not given to us. Socialism is not a matter of dead points in a program, rather socialism is justice. One may demand it because it is right, and it is right because it is good for the nation. That is right. What is good for Germany is right, and everything that harms Germany is wrong. In the last analysis socialism is not a consolation or refuge for the individual, rather socialism asks this question: "What is good for Germany? What benefits this nation?" " - Robert Ley, Wir alle helfen dem Führer (1937)


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